The great lake popularly known as Lake Superior is the world’s largest fresh water lake by surface area and is the world third largest after Lake Baikal in Siberia and Lake Tanganyinka in Tanzania. One thing you should know about these Lake Superior is that its 3 quadrillion gallons are enough to cover both the entire north and South America continent. But what other facts do you think you know about this lake, here you will find out more as you read on.
Lake Superior is the largest of the great lakes in North America. There are other lakes close to Lake Superior but it is the largest of them all. The lake is shared by the Canadian province of Ontario, state of Minnesota to the west and the states of Michigan and Wisconsin to the south. It is the largest lake by volume in the American continent.
The original name of Lake Superior was ‘gichi-gami’. Are you surprise at these. The first inhabitants of the area which are the ojibwe see it by this name and it means ‘great sea’. it was the British who remain it to lake superior after taking control of the area from the French on account of it being superior in magnitude to any of the lakes on that vast continent.
The hydrography of Lake Superior shows that it empties into Lake Huron via the St. Mary’s Rivers and the Soo Locks. Lake Superior has a surface area of 31, 700 square miles which can say it is the size of South Carolina or Austria.
The lake contains 2, 900 cubic miles of water which I said can cover the entire landmass of whole American continent. The shoreline of Lake Superior stretches to about 4, 387 km.
Tributaries of Lake Superior
Lake Superior is a powerful lake where over 200 rivers empty into. The largest of these rivers include Nipigon River, St Louis River, Pigeon River, Pic River, White River, etc. like I earlier mention Lake Superior drains into Lake Huron through the St. Mary River. You should also note that the lakes water level fluctuates from month to month, with the highest lake levels in October and November. Meanwhile the lakes lowest levels do occur in March and April.
Geography of Lake Superior
The geography of Lake Superior is so exciting. There exist numerous islands in the lake. The largest island is Isle Royale in the state of Michigan. It contains several lakes too. Other island in the lakes includes Madelin Island, Michipicoten Island and Grand Island.
Lake Superior has some cities near it and some of them include the twin ports of Duluth, Minnesota, superior, Thunder Bay, etc.
Sea Routes of Lake Superior
Lake Superior is an important link in the great lakes waterway providing a route for the movement of iron ore as well as iron ore. However, though to the build of ice during the year, the lake is close to shipping from mid January to late March annually.
Some Brief Facts about Lake Superior
I know as a student you may be wondering I these lake exist, yes lake superior exist in the North American continent and their it is known as the great lake.
I will like to share some important facts about the lake and I hope you find them so useful for your research and studies.
-lake Superior contains 10% of all the earth’s fresh water surface water
-like I told you, there is enough water in lake superior to flood the whole of the north and south American continents.
-as a huge lake, Lake Superior has over 300 streams and rivers that empty into it.
– Now remember this and don’t be surprise, lake superior has over 400 islands, of which isle Royalse is the largest and water in the lake is retained, on average of 191 years.
-lake Superior produce the greatest lake effect snows on earth. It has its origins in the North American Midcontinent Rift of 1.1 to 1.2 billion years ago.
-the Europeans first visit Lake Superior in the 1600s
-the largest tributary of the lake is the Ontario’s Nipigon River and home to over 88 species of fishes.
I think you are now ok with some of the facts mention above about Lake Superior. It is one of the world greatest places to visits and beholds its beauty.