The Beautiful Continent of Australia has existed since the Europeans discovered in the late 16th century. It is home to various wildlife and amazing ecosystem. But what you don’t get is that most people and even you are confused if Australia is a country or indeed a continent. The answer will be given to you here as I outline to you some little brief facts about this nation, Australia
The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australia, meaning a southern land was a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times. It will be recall that the earliest recorded use of the word Australia in English was in 1625. Australia is world famous for its natural wonders and wide open spaces, beaches, deserts, etc.
HISTORY OF AUSTRALIA
Based on scientific evidence and theory, the continent of Australia was likely settled more than 50,000 years ago with waves of immigration of people from south and South –East Asia.
GEOGRAPHY OF AUSTRALIA
Australia as a continent has an area of 7, 682, 300km, i.e about 2,966,152 square miles. Australia is the sixth largest country by land area and comparable in size to the 48 contiguous United States. it is border to the west by the Indian ocean and to the east by the south Pacific ocean. Most of the country population is concentrated along the eastern and south-eastern coasts. The most populous states in Australia are Victoria and New South Wales. The state of western Australia is by far the largest in land area.
POLITICS OF AUSTRALIA
continental Australia has a federal system of government with eight state and territory government and a national government. Each of these governments has an elected parliament with the leader of each government known as premier being the leader of the leader of the largest party represented in the lower house. At the federal level, Australia consists of a senate and a house of representatives. However, the queen of England remains the head of state and her representative in Australia is the governor-general.
The two major political parties in Australia are the Australia Labour Party (ALP) and the Liberal Party (LP).
TIME ZONE IN AUSTRALIA
Australia as a continent can have up to five different time zones during the daylight savings period and three at other times.
STATES AND TERRITORIES OF AUSTRALIA
Australia as a continent has six states which can be outline below;
- New south Wales
- South Australia
- Victoria and
- Western Australia
And two major mainland territories, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.
Australia uses the Australian dollar (AUD) and the currency is symbolized locally as $. There are 100 cents in every Australian dollar. The coin denominations are 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, $1 and $2, while the note denominations are $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. One thing you should also know is that the Australian notes are produced in plastic polymer rather than paper.
So to end this brief tale I will tell you that Australia is indeed a continent on the world map but it is also a country and a member of the British common wealth.